While it is important to include the right types of information in your resume, it is equally necessary to present it the right way! A disorganized resume can discourage recruiters from looking into your application.
With a suitable resume format depending on your needs, you can communicate your requirements and professionalism to hiring managers. Resume formats must be a conscious choice that reflects the nature of your candidacy, so give it some thought!
We have discussed the Three types of resume formats to choose from:
This format is very common, and recruiters prefer it to other resume formats. Your resume should include a combination of your skills and experience, credentials, education, training, work history, and any awards or honors you’ve received in reverse chronological order.
This is ideal for people who have been steadily climbing the ladder in their careers throughout their working lives. The reverse-chronological format will help you show progression in your career by listing each job separately under its start date, not just listing all jobs together with no indication of when they began or ended.
Functional Resume Format
If you’ve been out of the workforce for some time, or have gaps in your employment history, it’s best to use a functional resume format. A functional resume focuses on skills and responsibilities rather than jobs held, which means you’re not required to list dates of employment.
The main benefit of using this type of layout is that it allows you to emphasize those aspects that are most relevant to the job you are applying for.
For example: if your skill set matches the requirements listed in a job description, but your work history doesn’t show any experience with those particular skills, then making sure they’re front and center on your resume can be an effective way to impress employers.
Combination Resume Format
These are the combination resume format (hybrid) is the combination of the chronological and functional resume formats. It’s a good option for people who have a lot of experience in a variety of fields, and also for those who have gaps in their employment history.
The combination format allows you to describe your skills first, then go into detail about your work history later. This can help you avoid overloading an employer with too much information upfront, which could make them less likely to read through your entire resume.
As with all resumes, this one should be edited so that it stays focused on what matters most: highlighting your professional strengths, qualifications, and value.
Here are some questions to clear out some doubts you may have:
Which resume format should I choose as a fresher?
If you have a consistent path with not many gap years and a linear career path, then you can go ahead with a reverse chronological resume format. Even if you have 0-1 years of experience, you can show that you are a recent graduate with internship experience.
However, if you are a fresher to a field but you have been working in another industry for a number of years, you can choose the functional resume format to highlight your transferable skills.
Which resume format is the best?
The best resume format would be the one that suits your unique career trajectory the most. However, most hiring managers tend to choose the reverse-chronological resume format because of its transparent nature.
Hiring managers can get a clear idea about the applicant’s career trajectory, especially when it comes to gap years and duration at each company. Such information would usually be vague when it comes to functional or combination resume format.